• Lyudmyla Shistko
Keywords: self-concept, self-awareness, adolescence and young adult age, temperament


The article presents the results of the study of the phenomenon of insufficient formation of the self-concept in adolescents. The study analyzes the individual-typological and socio-psychological features that affect the formation of the self-concept in modern boys and girls living in Ukraine. The relationship between self-concept and gender identity is considered. The structure of self-knowledge and insufficient formation of the self-concept, uncertainty of ideas about oneself are investigated. As a result of using a set of test tools, we were able to identify specific features of the hierarchy of indeterminate areas of the self-concept of modern boys and girls. Boys and girls experience the greatest difficulties in understanding the emotional and communicative properties of their own personality. Peculiarities of self-concept formation in adolescence are conditioned by individual-typological characteristics. The contribution to the formation of the self-concept of temperamental features was similar in boys and girls - adolescents who tend to extraversion have fewer "white spots". In girls, the preconditions that form the self-concept are the subject and social properties of temperament, and in boys - the subject. The list of socio-psychological factors influencing the formation of self-awareness in boys and girls have common features: with high adaptability, internality, emotional comfort and selfishness, there are more formed ideas about themselves. Young people have fewer "white spots" in the self-concept in the case of adequate gender identity, a high degree of self-acceptance, aggression, high intelligence. Girls have better formed ideas about themselves with high rates of authoritarianism and selfishness, with high rates of "acceptance of others". Indicators of intellectual development were not related to the degree of formation of the self-concept. With the help of the Kettel questionnaire it is possible to identify areas of insufficient formation of the self-concept in boys and girls 16-18 years. This questionnaire allowed us to establish that the problem of insufficient formation of certain ideas about themselves are determined by both socio-psychological features and individual-typological. At the same time, the contribution of the latter to the formation of the self-concept turned out to be similar in boys and girls.


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