THE PECULIARITIES OF MENTAL DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH ATTENTIVE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME WITH HYPERACTIVITY
The article is devoted to the analysis of the peculiarities of the early manifestations of attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in preschool children. The topic of ADHD requires a detailed psychological analysis. Such work will allow the formation of methodological and theoretical tools, the need for which is now felt by the practical psychologists. The following research methods have been used: theoretical analysis, generalization of scientific approaches, theoretical modeling, symptomatic analysis. Based on the data obtained, a unified theoretical and methodological model has been developed that allows to carry out the comprehensive analysis of the developmental features of preschool children.
The analysis of the developmental features of the child in the early stages of ontogenesis can be carried out along several axes, which go through several stages of their formation, which are accompanied by dynamic changes such as interfunctional relationships and the child’s worldview is shown. A comparison of the results of studies of the features of the early stages of children development with ADHD has allowed to expose a deficit axis of development, changes in the formation of which lead to the appearance of children’s behavioral disorders of such a group. The peculiarities of the passage of the axes development in the process of ontogenesis also makes it possible to identify the mechanisms of their correction and habilitation, which has undoubted practical value. At the moment, this integrative model has already shown its practical value. A number of correctional development programs, as well as support programs, have been worked out. The results of empirical studies show their high efficiency. In addition, the model demonstrates its high efficiency in advising family members and child support groups, in particular, when conducting psycho-educational work.
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