EMPATHIC INTERACTION OF ADOLESCENTS: PSYCHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES AND CORRELATES

  • L.O. Shistko
  • I.Y. Riabchych
  • Y.M. Prokopovych
Keywords: empathy, empathic, empathogenetic situation, empathic interpersonal interaction, young age.

Abstract

The goal of this article is to present the psychological peculiarities and correlates of the empathic interaction of adolescents. Methodology meet the following steps:the first was the diagnosis of empathy of the subjects and the frequency of manifestations of each type of empathy interpersonal interaction was determined; on the second were diagnosed cognitive, emotional, motivational and value-meaning individual-psychological qualities and features of young people , which are important for the situation of interpersonal interaction; in the third stage, the relationships between each type of empathic interpersonal interaction and the personal indicators of the subjects were determined. For this purpose, the Pearson linear correlation method was used. Seven species of the latter are described. An empathogenic situation is required to activate the empathy process. The latter refers to the intense production of emotions, emotions, moods, thoughts, states of personality that resonate with the corresponding mental processes and states of other people. The received signals about the inner state на another person is only information perceived by the individ. The effective response to this information will depend on the needs that dominate in the personality structure. Discussion shows that from the outlined point of view, we believe that depending on different circumstances (the level of empathy as an integrative indicator, as well as actual (situational) needs and states of personality), information about the internal state of another may be perceived by actualizing a certain type of empathic response, or not perceived. The dissonant interaction is characterized by a confronting psychological position, nonconformist cognitive orientation, low level of emotional maturity, manifested in low control of emotions and indistinct manifestation, pessimistic emotional modality, eccentric modality. All these characteristics were accompanied by the lack of need to interact and the depreciation of the other.

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Published
2020-06-12