HISTORICAL MEMORY AS A FACTOR OF NATIONAL IDENTITY FORMATION
The article is devoted to the problems of historical memory formation as a factor of national identity formation. Its actuality is due to the serious challenges that exist in Ukraine for the Ukrainian national identity. These challenges are due to the long-term impossibility of developing our own historical discourse, regionalization of historical memories, politicization of historical issues. The comparative and structural-functional methods have mainly been used in this research. The first one is a comparative analysis of different interpretations of historical memory and national identity. The second has been used in determining the structure of historical memory and the directions of its influence on the formation of national identity. Historical memory became the object of the author's scientific interests in 2015. A more detailed study of the impact of historical memory on national identity was carried out in 2020.
The article analyzes the phenomena of national identity and historical memory, the structure and functions of historical memory, its connection with history as a science have been analyzed in this article. The most significant and relevant, according to the author, problems of formation of historical memory in modern Ukraine have also been covered: 1) time gaps and deformations of this process; 2) the long impossibility, in fact, until the end of the twentieth century, of actualization in the public consciousness of one's own historical narrative; 3) significant regional differences in historical memories that lead to horizontal gaps in historical memory; 4) mental alienation of Ukrainians from a significant part of their history.
The discussion examines the critique ideas of essentialist about the nation and national identity, based on the concept of the nation as an "imagined community", reveals its theoretical shortcomings and political motivation. Arguments were also made against the call of some Ukrainian historians to abandon the national paradigm of historiography as one that allegedly leads to "provincialism" and "isolationism."
The importance of historical policy or the policy of memory for post-socialist countries, the urgency of the problems of historical memory for Western countries in the context of globalization and migration challenges have been emphasized in the conclusion.
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