THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL INTERNET PRACTICESON THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF SENIOR PUPILS
The article deals with the study of the peculiarities of the impact of social Internet practices on the psychological well-being of senior pupils. The author presents a model of psychological well-being of senior pupils and a conceptual model of the impact of social Internet practices on the psychological well-being of senior pupils, which takes into account the content of practices, situational and targeted self-regulation of their realization. An empirical study of the impact of social Internet practices on the psychological well-being of senior pupils is carried out. The general sample consisted of 9th-11th grade pupils of secondary schools, a total of 1,144 respondents, including 458 boys and 686 girls, aged 14 to 17. The study used: author’s methods of express evaluation of psychological well-being, assessment of the content of social Internet practices, separate scales of the questionnaire for assessing the level of media culture (L. Naydonova, O. Baryshpolets, etc.), author’s questionnaire of subjective self-assessment of impact of social Internet-practices on psychological well-being. The results of the empirical study have revealed the phenomenon of asymmetry of subjective assessments of the impact of social Internet practices: senior pupils overestimate the positivity of the impact of the Internet. Besides, the higher the level of real psychological well-being of respondents, the more their subjective assessments of the impact of Internet practices are shifted towards the positive, i.e. they more positively perceive any activity on the Internet, although it may objectively cause certain risks. Peculiarities of psychological well-being of active and inactive users of various social Internet practices are identified and described. The positive impact of the practices of searching for interesting information and information for learning (informational consumer practices), as well as the practice of using social networks to maintain friendly relations (communicative) on psychological well-being have been confirmed. It has been established that computer games and surfing the web without a purpose have a negative impact on the psychological well-being of senior pupils. An analysis of the differences between situational and targeted self-regulation of senior pupil’s practices with different levels of psychological well-being is presented. Senior pupils with a high level of psychological well-being are better able to voluntarily self-regulate social Internet practices. It has been established that the goals of Internet use aimed at development (to search for educational information, skills development, reading news) and maintaining friendly relations have a positive impact on psychological well-being, while the use of the Internet without a clear purpose and to earn money has a negative impact.
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