THE IMPORTANCE OF PARENTAL ATTITUDE IN NEGATIVE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCE
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the manifestation of negative childhood experiences among the adult population of Ukraine with a focus on child-parent relationships and attitude, which could lead to certain negative early memories, and have traumatic psychological consequences. Thus, the aim is to study children's negative memories of adult respondents with different types of parental attitudes, which the latter encountered during childhood. With the help of modification of the original questionnaire ACE (Adverse childhood experience) questionnaire a qualitative and quantitative analysis have been conducted on the types of psychological traumas, their prevalence and intensity among the respondents, as well as significant relationships between them. Compared with previous studies on this issue, this research covers the older generation of respondents, so we are able to explore the features of traumatic psychological memories of people who passed the stage of childhood in about 30 years ago. In the article it is presented a rating of the most and least harmful and dangerous events for the psychological health of the child, and their negative consequences in adult life, provides assumptions about the causal connections, as well as substantiates the results. In combination with the data obtained from the questionnaire of child-parental attitude, developed by A.Ya. Varga and V. V. Stolin, we have found the correlations with some of negative psychological experience in childhood. A broader picture of how the type of control and level of distance, patterns of behavior, attitudes, perceptions and responses of adults, such as infantilization, rejection, ignoring, inability to give a sense of security and equality, independence and freedom, love and respect, to see the child as a person with his own thoughts, needs, etc., inherent in specific memories of emotional neglect and physical violence have been presented. Thus, the results have showed the relevance of research in this area.
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