PECULIARITIES OF LIFE VALUES AND EXPERIENCES OF LONELINESS IN INDIVIDUALS OF DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS
The article is devoted to the study of the dominant life values and peculiarities of loneliness experiences in individuals of different age groups in adolescence and adulthood. The sample consisted of two groups. The first comprises 30 people aged 18 to 25, 15 - females and 15 - males. The second group comprises 30 people aged 40 to 50 years, 15 - females and 15 - males. Due to quarantine restrictions one-week study was conducted online using Google Drive.
Research methods used in this article are as follows: "Differential questionnaire of loneliness" by E.M. Osina and D.O. Leontieva to determine the level of loneliness, which includes the acceptance of this loneliness, positive loneliness and dependence on communication; methodology "Diagnosis of the level of subjective feeling of loneliness" by D. Russell, L. Popel, M. Ferguson in the adaptation of N.E. Vodopyanova to determine the level of negative loneliness; methodology "Value Questionnaire" by S.H. Schwartz to study the life values of the individual.
The study found that young people are dominated by the values of independence in thoughts, openness to change, independence in behavior in contrast to adults, who are dominated by the values of self-transcendence, openness to change, motives of hedonism in behavior. An important vital value for both age groups was openness to change, which, we can assume, is not related to age. It was also determined that the highest level of loneliness and positive loneliness is observed in respondents aged 18 to 25 years, in contrast to the subjects aged 40-50.
The studied theoretical and practical aspects of the connection between experiencing loneliness and life values of the individual made it clear that certain life values have a close direct or inverse connection with the feeling of loneliness, namely with the values of hedonism, self-aggrandizement in behavior, independence in behavior and also have a direct significant relation to the feeling of loneliness, while the motives of kindness, security and self-transcendence in behavior have a significant inverse connection with the feeling of loneliness.
The prospects for the research in this area are quite large, but we have identified a way for the further research, which involves comparing our data with the fact whether the subject has a family or not.
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