SUICIDAL TENDENCIES AMONG PARENTS, UPBRINGING CHILDREN WITH COMPLEX DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES
The birth of a child with developmental disabilities changes the usual way of life of the family. The motives and causes of suicide cannot be reduced to a single classification, because they are largely subjective and depend on different characteristics of a person: gender, age, profession, worldview. manifestation of suicidal tendencies is a complex systemic phenomenon, we consider it necessary to use in the process of research battery techniques. As a result of the analysis of the content, features of application and efficiency of various techniques, we have chosen the following: 1) Beck's Hopelessness Scale (Beck et al. 1974); 2) Methods of diagnosis of subjective feelings of loneliness D. Russell and M. Ferguson; 3) Questionnaire "Risk-C"; 4) The method of incomplete sentences (according to O. Kucher). Spearman's correlation coefficient was also used to determine the relationship between the levels of subjective feelings of loneliness and hopelessness and the level of risk of suicidal ideation.
The purpose of our study is to determine the predominant presence or absence of suicidal ideation and tendencies in the behavior of parents raising children with complex developmental disorders, as well as their relationship with such personal factors as subjective feelings of loneliness and hopelessness. Determining the nature of the relationship between subjective feelings of loneliness and the presence of suicidal tendencies in the subjects showed that the subjects with clear signs of suicidal tendencies of the majority are characterized by a high level of subjective feelings of loneliness. Among the subjects with some signs of suicidal tendencies, the most represented is the average level of subjective feelings of loneliness. Subjects who generally showed no signs of suicidal ideation had a low level of subjective feelings of loneliness. Subjects with a minimal level of suicide show mostly an average level of loneliness. In addition, subjects at high risk of suicide generally showed a high level of subjective loneliness. In subjects with a medium level of risk of suicide, the feeling of loneliness, in most cases, is also manifested at a medium level. If we talk about subjects with a low risk of suicide, the most pronounced is the low level of subjective loneliness.
Zavatska, N. Ye., Blynova, O. Ye., Popovych, I. S., Boiaryn, L. V., Piddubniak, S. V. (2020). Zasoby sotsialno-psykholohichnoi korektsii suitsydonebezpechnykh staniv osobystosti ta yii samorehuliatsii u mizhosobystisnykh konfliktakh [Means of Social and Psychological Corrections of Suicide-Threatening States of the Personality and its Self-Realization in Interpersonal Conflicts]. Teoretychni i prykladni problemy psykholohii : zb. nauk. prats Skhidnoukrainskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Volodymyra Dalia. [Theoretical and Applied Issues of Psychology: A Collection of Scientific Papers of Volodymyr Dal Western-Ukrainian National University]. Sievierodonetsk: Vyd-vo SNU imeni V. Dalia, 1 (51), 111–118.
Kal'nickij Je. A. (2017). Jekzistencial'nyj vakuum i krizis identichnosti [Existential Vacuum and Identity Crisis]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu “Iurydychna akademiia Ukrainy imeni Yaroslava Mudroho”. Seriia: Filosofiia, filosofiia prava, politolohiia, sotsiolohiia. [Bulletin of the National University “Yaroslav Mudrii Law Academy of Ukraine”. Series: Philosophy, Legal Philosophy, Political Science, Sociology], 33.
Chernaja, M. I., Holmogorova, A. B., Zubareva, O. V., Zhuravleva, T. V. (2016). Klinicheskie i social'no-psihologicheskie harakteristiki pacientov s suicidal'nymi popytkami [Clinical and Social-Psychological Characteristics of Patients with Suicide Attempts]. Konsul'tativnaja psihologija i psihoterapija [Consultative Psychology and Psychotherapy]. 24, 3, 69–88.
Ovchinnikov, A. A., Sultanova, A. N. (2017). Uroven' odinochestva i zashhitnye strategii u pacientov s suicidal'nym povedeniem [Loneliness Level and Defensive Strategies of Patients with Suicidal Behavior]. Aktual'nye voprosy suicidologii : materialy mezhregional'noj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, Irkutsk, 26 maja 2017 g. [Topical Issues of Suicide Studies: Materials of Interregional Scientific and Practical Conference, Irkutsk, May 26, 2017]. Irkutsk: INCHT, 116–119.
Poleheshko, O. (2006). Psykholohiia suitsydu [Suicide Psychology]. Psykholoh [Psychologist], Dec. (№ 47), 23–30.
Kokun, O. V. (2019). Psykholohichna otsinka suitsydalnoho ryzyku u viiskovosluzhbovtsiv: metodychnyi posibnyk [Psychological Evaluation of Suicide Risks of Military Personnel: Manual]. Kyiv: NDTs HP ZSU.
Sakovich, N. A. (2013). Suicidal'noe povedenie podrostka: profilaktika i korrekcija [Teenage Suicidal Behaviour: Prevention and Correction]. Minsk: Pachatkovaja shkola.
Sotsialnyi zakhyst naselennia Ukrainy u 2019 rotsi. Statystychnyi zbirnyk [Social Protection of the Population of Ukraine in 2019. Statistical Compilation] (2020). Kyiv.
Shevchuk, V. V. (2021). Psykholohichni determinanty osobystisnykh zmin u batkiv ditei z vadamy rozvytku [Psychological Determinants of Personal Shifts of Parents of Children with Developmental Deviations]. Psykholohiia i osobystist [Psychology and Personality], 1 (19), 57–71.
O’Connor, R. C., Nock, M. K. (2014). The psychology of suicidal behaviour. Lancet Psychiatry. Jun 1(1). 73–85.
Van Orden, K. A., Lynam, M. E., Hollar, D., & Joiner, T. E., Jr. Perceived Burdensomeness as an Indicator of Suicidal Symptoms.
Van Orden, K. A., Witte, T. K., Gordon, K. H., Bender, T. W., & Joiner, T. E. (2008). Suicidal desire and the capability for suicide: Tests of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behaviour among adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 76. 72–83.
Copyright (c) 2021 SOCIALIZATION & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT" INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.